Most suffixes can change or add to the meaning of a word, but what about
Spelling rules and the changes required to add a suffix can sometimes be a little
confusing... until now, that is.
It's a fact, suffixes do change words but the way in which they are added often cause
spelling problems for those whose native language isn't English.
Yes, even native speakers of English find these rules and changes of spelling a
little challenging sometimes, but what follows is meant to help make things a little more clear.
Let's start with some suffixes spelling rules. Be glad that most of the time the
spelling of the word and the suffix simply stays the same.
Suffixes Spelling Rules
RULE: 1 - When a word ends with a consonant and the suffix begins with a consonant, simply add
the consonant with no spelling
enjoyment = enjoy + ment
commitment = commit + ment
doubtful = doubt + ful
RULE: 2 - For most one syllable words ending in a single consonant you need to
double the last
letter when you add a suffix.
run + ing = running
sun + y = sunny
fun + y = funny
*** When the word ends with more
than one consonant, the last letter is NOT
jump + ing = jumping
sing + ing = singing
RULE: 3 - For words with more
than one syllable and end with the letter
"L" you must
double the "L" when adding suffixes.
travel + ing = travelling
cancel + ed = cancelled
RULE: 4 - For words stressed on the last syllable and ending with a single
consonant, you need to double the last
prefer + ing = preferring
begin + er = beginner
*** For words where the stress
isn't on the last syllable, then you do NOT need to
double the last letter.
benefit + ed = benefited
offer + ing = offering
SPELLING RULES- "Y" to "I" and the silent "E"
When a word ends in a consonant plus "Y" then the "Y" is changed to "I" when you add
the suffix. When adding the suffix 'ing' to a word ending in "Y" -- you keep the "Y."
lonely + ness = loneliness
happy + ness = happiness
copy + ing = copying
Silent "E" words end with a consonant and an "E." Words like love, like, and
hope... you drop the
"E" when you add the suffix.
noise + y = noisy
simple + y = simply
The above is meant to cover the spelling challenges when adding a suffix, to go to the suffixes list page just click on
the previous link.
To go to my new site which deals exclusively with prefixes and suffixes, simply click on prefixes suffixes site.