Prepositional phrases are made up of a preposition and what we call the
object of the preposition.
The object of the preposition can be a noun, pronoun, gerund, or even a
The objects of the preposition can also have modifiers to help describe it and
give additional information.
Example: The ball is behind the white car.
'Behind the white' car
is a prepositional phrase where 'behind' is the preposition and car acts as the object of the preposition. The
adjective 'white' acts as a modifier giving additional information about the object of the preposition which is the
If the above seems a little complicated, don't worry, what follows is meant to help
clarify any confusion you might have about this particular grammar item.
It might help to know that prepositional phrases basically act as adjectives or
adverbs in a sentence.
When essentially functioning as adjectives, they answer the question,'which object?'
Example: The gloves on the radiator are wet from making a snowman.
Which object? The gloveson the
Example: The bags in the kitchen are filled with groceries.
Which object? The bagsin the
When functioning as adverbs, prepositional phrases answer the questions;where, when, and how?
Example: Feeling adventurous, we rode the corkscrew roller coaster at the amusement park.
Where did we
feel adventurous?At the amusement
Example: After school, Jane asked me for a ride home.
Jane ask?After school.
Example: Terry is sore from yesterday's workout.
How did Terry get
sore?From yesterday's workout.
You should also know the basic structures of these phrases so that you can recognize
them more readily.
Basic patterns for prepositional phrases are as follows:
preposition + noun, pronoun, gerund, or
preposition + modifiers + noun, pronoun, gerund, or
Prepositional Phrases - List of
To my knowledge, there is no such thing as acomplete list of prepositional phrases, however, by clicking on the link you will go to a page which contains one of the
most complete lists of prepositional phrases available anywhere.