Advanced English Grammar

 

 

List of Prefixes and Meanings


 

A list of prefixes including meanings and typical usage is found below for the letters A thru D

On this page -- and those that follow -- you'll find a complete prefixes list plus some definitions and words which have include those specific prefixes.

Most prefixes in English are from the Latin and Greek languages so a knowledge of Latin and Greek prefixes and suffixes will help you learn new vocabulary and unlock unknown words in any testing situation.

I've included the list of prefixes alphabetically to make it easier for you to study and remember them.

I recommend printing out this page (and those that follow) and looking over the list to get an understanding of the prefixes and how they are used.

Next, I would suggest looking over any text (a newspaper article is a good source) and searching for words with the prefixes listed.



Any unkown words should be easy to figure out using the list of prefixes.

List of Prefixes and Meanings - A thru D

ab,abs from, away from

 

abduct = lead away, kidnap,
abjure = renounce


ad,
ac,
af,
ag,
an,
ap,
ar,
as,
at
to, forward

 

advance = move forward
accord = agreement, harmony,
affliction = cause by distress
aggregation = collection,
annexation = addition,
appease = bring toward peace,
arraignment = indictment,
assumption = taking for granted,
attendance = presence, the persons present


ambi both

 

ambiguous = double meaning,
ambivalent = having conflicting emotions


an, a without

 

anarchy = lack of government,
amoral = without morals


ante before

 

antecedent = preceding event or word,
antediluvian = ancient


anti against, opposite

 

antipathy = hatred of,
antithetical = exactly opposite


arch chief, first

 

archetype = original, first, head
archbishop = chief bishop


be over, thoroughly

 

bedaub = smear over,
befuddle = confuse thoroughly


bi two

 

bicameral = composed of two houses,
biennial = every two years


cata down

 

catastrophe = disaster,
cataract = waterfall,
catapult = hurl


circum around

 

circumnavigate = sail around,
circumspect = cautious,
circumscribe = limit


com,
co,
col,
con,
cor
with, together

 

combine = merge with,
coeditor = joint editor,
collateral = subordinate, connected
conference = meeting,
corroborate = confirm


contra, contro against

 

contravene = conflict with,
controversy = dispute


de down, away

 

debase = lower in value,
decadence = deterioration


demi partly, half

 

demigod = partly divine being


di two

 

dichotomy = into two parts,
dilemma = choice between two alternatives


dia across

 

diagonal = across a figure,
diameter = distance across a circle


dis, dif not, apart

 

discord = lack of harmony,
differ = disagree


dys faulty, bad dysfunctional = not functioning properly


   


To go to the list of prefixes page letters E thru O just click on the previous link.